Alex Lenferna* gives an account of some of the youth initiatives at COP 17 and the need to link climate change to social justice.
The United Nations Convention on Climate Change’s (UNFCCC) 17th Conference of the Parties (COP 17) kicked off in Durban in November with one resounding message, “It always seems impossible, until it is done.”
This Nelson Mandela quote has been repeated in relation to COP 17 by numerous high-proﬁle climate change ﬁgures, including Desmond Tutu and Christina Figueres. The question that needs to be asked though is, will it become an empty platitude, or will it resound through COP 17 as we progress towards a fair, ambitious and binding (FAB) climate change deal?
Conference of Youth
In the build-up to COP 17, over 500 youth from across the globe came together for the UNFCCC Conference of the Youth (COY) to discuss climate change and the upcoming conference. Throughout COY there was an air of skepticism about the ability of politicians to make COP 17 a success. This sentiment was echoed by Kumi Naidoo, the executive Director of Greenpeace, when addressing the COY delegation. Naidoo advised them not to trust his generation, as they were the ones who had driven the planet to its perilous situation. The future, according to Naidoo, was up to the youth and the need for a life – long commitment to the climate change movement. This sentiment resonated deeply with me and many other youth, many of whom had felt great disappointment in their leaders at previous COPs. If the future of the climate is indeed in the hands of the youth, then many youth were conﬁdent that they would be the generation to make a difference. In a summary session, sentiments of conﬁdence in the youth’s ability to be the change they wanted to see – to paraphrase Gandhi – were echoed around the room. I couldn’t help but be inspired by the energy, passion and shared vision of the youth, and wished they were the people in the negotiating rooms deciding our future.
Youth Climate Coalition
Other exciting developments from COY included the formation of the South African Youth Climate Coalition based on from numerous youth initiatives across the country. The aim: to use the power and energy of the youth to tackle climate change, recognising it as one of the greatest challenges of our time. Having been involved in the youth climate movement for a while, it was moving to see about one hundred South African youth coming together to take ownership of their future. Some of the very same youth sat in the Durban International Convention Centre (ICC) this morning and planned how they would go about using their voice to inﬂuence the climate negotiations, hopeful that they could make a difference. Outside the air-conditioned rooms of the ICC, the Occupy Movement gathered on a rough patch of grass in Durban Central to ‘occupy earth’ and to discuss COP 17 and its failures. Pablo Solon, the previous Bolivian UN Ambassador, decried COP 17 as having the potential to lock us into an incredibly dangerous climate future if serious changes were not made. The general feeling from the discussions was that COP 17 was seemingly irrelevant for the majority of South Africans as most did not understand its signiﬁcance, nor its impacts on their lives.
The link between climate & social justice
Much still needs to be done to draw the link between climate change and social justice. A tragic example was provided during the COP 17 in Durban, where six people died because of severe storms, unusual for a Durban summer, which many attributed to climate change. However, many were skeptical. On the other end of the spectrum, the “We Have Faith” Caravan, which travelled from Nairobi to South Africa spreading the word about climate change issues across the continent, delivered a petition to South Africa’s International Relations Minister Maite Nkoana-Mahabane at an Interfaith Climate Rally at Kings Park Stadium. The petition’s aim was optimistic: it called on world leaders to commit to a FAB agreement, for a renewal of the Kyoto Protocol and for funding to help Africa adapt to climate change. Amongst these mixed feelings, the only thing that is clear within COP 17 is that the road ahead will be difﬁcult. But, as Ambassador Jorge Argüello, the Chair of the G77 said at the opening of the UN climate conference: “The challenges and difﬁculties of these negotiations cannot be faced with dismay and must not lead us to give up without a ﬁght.” The “ﬁght”, however, could go either way, so let’s hope that the We Have Faith Caravan’s faith is not unfounded.